Archive for December, 2003

Happy Holidays from Student Life

Monday, December 15th, 2003 | [email protected]

The Student Life staff wishes all of you a wonderful holiday season. We will resume publication next semester on Wednesday, January 21.

Stone & Co. avenge NCAA tourney loss

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Matt Weinstein
Bernell Dorrough

The members of the Washington University men’s basketball squad have worked themselves out of an early season slump by winning the Lopata Classic on their home court by defeating long-time rival Illinois Wesleyan 65-61.

After defeating Claremont-Mudd-Scripps on Friday in the first round of the Classic, the Bears looked forward to avenging last year’s season-ending loss to Illinois Wesleyan.

In its first game, the team took on Claremont College. Claremont entered the game at en even record of 2-2 while the Bears got off to a 2-2 start in their first four games.

“This slow start can be partially attributed to the youth and inexperience of the Wash U squad,” says senior forward Ryan DeBoer. “We are a very young team after graduating so many seniors. The starters last year had two years of playing together before our first game, so they were able to jump right into it. This year every person on the team has a new role to get accustomed to, and it took us a couple games to get a good feel for ourselves as players and as a team. ”

The two teams played evenly in the first half, but the Bears jumped out on a 17-1 run to start the half and were able to put away the game, 76-59. Statistically, Wash U dominated Claremont. The Bears outshot Claremont 43 percent to 33 while crashing the boards and out-rebounding their opponent 49-37.

Senior guard Barry Bryant led the Bears with 15 points while Rob Keller and Scott Stone both scored in the double digits. Mike Grunst played tremendous defense for the University, contributing ten rebounds and six blocks.

Because of their ability to effectively control the boards, the Bears dominated the second chance points category 18 to 11, 14 of those points coming in the explosive second half.

In the other game played on Saturday, Illinois Wesleyan defeated the Johns Hopkins Blue Jays 77-64. Led by Adam Dauksas and Keelan Amelianovich (each with 21 points), Illinois Wesleyan overpowered Johns Hopkins and advanced to play the Bears in the championship on Sunday.

The final proved to be a closely contested battle, as the two teams fought to the very end, with Wash U pulling out the victory 65-61. The first half ended with the score tied 30-30, but behind a series of three pointers the Bears finally pulled away at the end.

Three Bears ended the game with ten or more points, while DeBoer led the way with a double-double. Bryant also contributed 10 points and a career high 11 assists. And once again Grunst played an impressive physical game by grabbing ten boards and blocking four shots.

The Bears’ aggressive defense forced Illinois to turn the ball over 16 times, with the Bears capitalizing in the form of 20 points off turnovers.

The success of this weekend’s play at the Lopata Classic is a sign that the young squad is well on its way to gelling and forming another solid team.

“We made a lot of progress as a team this weekend, and we are really starting to flow,” said DeBoer. “We are going to take everything we learned this weekend and continue to progress as a team. As our conference play begins, we want to be at the top of our game.”

Conference play is quickly approaching as the team plays only four more non-conference games before attempting to defend their UAA title. There are some very tough opponents in the UAA this year that will attempt to dethrone the Bears.

“Chicago is always going to be a big rival because of our history together,” added DeBoer. Every time we play them it’s a battle. Rochester has a very good team again this year, once again ranked in the top ten. No matter who we play during conference, the team is going to be tough. After winning the UAA two years in a row, every other team is out to beat us. We need to prove that we are still the dominant team in the UAA.”

Bears take home hardware from Roundball Classic

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Jeff Novack
Bernell Dorrough

The Washington University women’s basketball team rebounded from a tough loss to Johns Hopkins University to bring home the championship at the Saint Mary’s College Roundball Classic.

The Bears entered the tournament ranked ninth in the nation after suffering their first loss of the season to Johns Hopkins in the McWilliams Classic. In their first game of the tournament, the Bears faced off against Calvin College on Friday night. The Bears pounced on Calvin early to open a 16-2 lead in the first half. Washington University shot a scorching 61.5 percent from the field while limiting the opposition to a dismal 21.7 percent shooting on their way to a 41-20 halftime lead.

The Bears continued their offensive onslaught in the second half while outscoring Calvin 38-20 to win the game 79-40. Sophomore Kelly Manning paced the Bears with sixteen points while also adding seven rebounds, five assists, and four steals. Leading the Bears in all four of those statistical categories, it is little wonder that Manning did not see fit to add a partridge and a pear tree to her already impressive list of contributions to the game in this holiday season. Senior Lesley Hawley was second on the team with fifteen points while junior Hallie Hutchens chipped in thirteen points and six boards off the bench. For the game, the Bears out-rebounded Calvin 42-20 while forcing twenty turnovers.

Playing host St. Mary’s College in the finals, Washington University did not let down from its dominating performance in the opening round, defeating St. Mary’s 68-45. The Bears offense continued its assault on the nets by shooting 50.9 percent from the field. While the Bears’ opposition may have changed, the Bears defense was similarly stingy, holding Saint Mary’s to just 30.2 percent shooting. Though Washington University led nearly from wire to wire, St. Mary’s was able to cut the lead to seven on two separate occasions in the second half. The Bears responded the second time by putting the game out of reach for good by going on a 19-2 run to lead 65-38 with just 3:54 to play.

Against St Mary’s, Hutchens led the Bears with fifteen points while coming off the bench. She was among three Bears in double figures for the game as Lesley Hawley and freshman Rebecca Parker had twelve and eleven points respectively. Sophomore Danielle Beehler led the Bears on the glass with a game high nine rebounds. Parker’s eleven points represented a career high for her. Parker and Hutchens both contributed to the team’s defense with two blocked shots.

The Bears, now 6-1 on the season, will return to action on Tuesday, December 9 at 7pm with a home game against Maryville University.

Volleyball captures title

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Joe Ciolli
Bernell Dorrough

Going into Saturday’s national championship match against conference foe New York University, the Washington University volleyball team found itself in a familiar position.

Ranked highly in the National Volleyball Coaches Association (NVCA) poll and riding a lengthy winning streak, the Bears looked primed to take home their NCAA Division III-record eighth title. The team’s championship game loss, however, from the previous season undoubtedly lingered in the back of the players’ minds.

If the Bears had any reservations going into the match-up with NYU, they were erased as Coach Rich Luenemann’s squad fought back from a 4-0 deficit to win the first game 30-26. Riding this momentum the rest of the way, the Bears never looked back en route to a resounding 3-0 (30-26, 32-30, 30-22) victory, taking home their first championship trophy since 1996.

“It was heartbreaking to lose in the finals last year,” said senior captain Cindy McPeak. “But we weren’t going to lose this time. It was almost a flawless weekend. We peaked at the right time, and that’s what we wanted to do.”

Appropriately, senior All-American middle blocker Amy Brand ended the match with a solo block, sending the Bears back home as champions. Turning in a classic performance, Brand tallied 11 kills and led the team with six blocks and a 0.409 hitting percentage.

Also helping the Bears’ winning cause were seniors Katie Quinn and McPeak, who combined for 17 kills. Junior first-team All-American outside hitter Colleen Winter added six kills and 13 digs, while sophomore outside hitter Heidi Pfeiffer led her team with 12 kills.

The Bears also rolled past their semi-final opponent, the third-ranked University of La Verne, on Friday night. Boasting the NCVA National Player of the Year, La Verne looked to be prepared to give the Bears a good run. But Quinn had different ideas, notching a team-high 14 kills as the Bears won by a score of 3-0 (30-27, 30-27, 30-25).

While there is an undeniable amount of talented on Luenemann’s championship-winning squad, what sets the Bears apart from most other top teams is the way their players operate as a solidified unit. Anchored by their three senior captains (Quinn, McPeak, and Brand), the Bears hold a mental edge over most opponents.

“”I’m elated,” said Luenemann. “This team had the most incredible chemistry I’ve ever seen, and it was complemented by our three seniors. What a fitting end for the best team in the country.”

“Team chemistry is what helped us the most,” added sophomore All-American setter Kara Liefer, who accounted for 39 assists and nine digs against NYU. “We played like a family and pulled through when we needed to.”

The bulk of the credit for the Bears’ championship season should certainly go to the players, but the contribution of their coaches shouldn’t go unnoticed. Their countless hours of extra work outside of practice helped propel the team’s 28-game winning streak after the Bears started out 10-3.

“Our coaching staff did a great job,” said Brand. “They scouted both teams this weekend so well, and we just adjusted to what they told us to, and it worked. They did so much for us.”

With the loss of their three starting captains, the Bears would appear to be on their way into a rebuilding year. However, while the seniors will be sorely missed, Luenemann has been very successful in stockpiling young talent. Look for the Bears to be just as dangerous next year with the return of Winter, Pfeiffer, Liefer, and defensive specialist Nicole Hodgman.

Could it be the start of another Bears volleyball dynasty? Only time will tell.

Women’s NCAA Championships

Friday, Dec 5 at UC-La Verne
UC-La Verne 27 27 25
Washington Univ. 30 30 30

Saturday, Dec 6 at UC-La Verne
NYU 26 30 22
Washington Univ. 30 32 30

School of Art goes screw loose, avant-garde

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Sarah Kliff

An interactive bunny suit and 12 tubs of margarine may have more in common than one thinks. Both appeared in the “Righty Tighty Lefty Loosey” art show Dec. 5-6, sponsored by the Washington University School of Art.

The show displayed the work of 26 sculpture and 4 ceramics majors. The exhibited projects used everything from clothing to video to food as mediums.

Senior Amanda Thatch, one of the event’s organizers, saw the show as a chance for students to see what the School of Art has been up to for the past semester.

“It’s a way to get involved with the art school, which can be somewhat inclusive,” said Thatch.

Thatch believes that one of the strongest points of the show is the variety among the displayed pieces.

“All of the pieces represent different ways of making and thinking,” said Thatch.

The title “Righty Tighty Lefty Loosey,” was an invention of senior Katy Scoggin, referring to the commonly used rule for screws.

“I was sitting around with some other sculpture majors and spouting out potential names for the show,” said Scoggin. “I came up with ‘Righty Tighty Lefty Loosey,’ but I meant it more as a joke than as a viable show title. Other people seemed to really like it, though, and the group voted on it as a final title. Despite its frivolity, [screws are] perhaps one of the most useful things for a three-dimensional artist to know.”

Scoggin displayed her piece, “Montage with Margarine,” at the show. The video, divided into two segments, shows the artist’s various interactions with margarine. The second half of the video shows the artist buried in margarine-a feat that took 12 tubs of Country Crock Margarine to accomplish.

Scoggin’s intention with this piece was to look at the larger implications of fat in our society.

“I’m interested in fat not only in its literal sense, but as an entire social paradigm,” said Scoggin. “I feel we are currently experiencing the Age of Fat-this has to do not only with our bodies, many of which are expanding into obesity, but also our lifestyles. Thus when I talk about ‘fat’ in my work, I’m also talking about our excessive obsessions with our bodies, and lifestyles.”

Senior Morgan Matens displayed her interactive piece “Bunny Family Portrait,” which allowed patrons to put on a bunny suit and get their photograph taken with a bunny family of four.

Matens credits her grandmother with the inspiration for her piece.

“My grandmother really wanted me to get a boyfriend during my senior year and I didn’t,” said Matens. “It got me interested in what it’s like to be expected to join a breeding population, and since bunnies are so efficient, I thought they would be a good medium.”

A cage full of psychological questions

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Sarah Laaff

At home, Leonard Green has only been able to keep pet snakes due to his daughter’s allergies. But what Green lacks in animals domestically, he makes up for at work.

A professor in the Department of Psychology, Green works extensively with animals. The department has a long history of animal research, spanning from mice and hamsters to wolves, and has even worked with bats that were kept in a free flight room.

Currently, Green works with rodents and humans and is overseeing undergraduate work with pigeons.

“Our research is mostly involved in models of choice behavior,” said Green. “We investigate different variables of reward influence in decision making.”

Pigeon number 84 demonstrated the influence of food rewards on its behavior. The pigeon was taken from its pristine cage and placed by undergraduate assistants in a metal box referred to as the “experimental chamber.”

The box, according to Green, is “highly modal,” meaning that it can be configured in many different ways to serve a variety of experimental purposes. Panes can be removed, levers added and buttons installed in just a matter of seconds. In this case, the students slid two levers into place so that number 84 could flaunt his skills.

It took a few tries, but once the white pigeon realized that pressing on the right-hand lever resulted in reward, he was hooked. In this case, mixed grains were the reward. Other times, sucrose water, flavored food pellets, root beer and even Tom Collins Mix (“without the alcohol,” noted Green) serve as the prize.

Located on the third floor of the psychology building, Green’s laboratory is spotless. It shines with cleaning solution, as the lab is cleaned regularly by a crew of trained and certified individuals.

The room is brightly lit overhead. In the “non-animal area” there isn’t a trace-not even a hint-of a smell to suggest that animals are present. The animals rest peacefully in their individual cubicles and containers that are stacked on shelves and hidden behind doors. All of the animals, from the psychology department’s pigeons and mice to the biology department’s turtles, reside in their own areas. The temperature and humidity are fixed to the comfort of the individual species and other specifications are also followed that vary from animal to animal.

The amount of space that the individual animals receive is regulated. Pigeons are allowed 0.8 square feet of floor space each and an unspecified height, while larger animals, such as rabbits, are promised 1.5 square feet of floor space and 14 inches in height.

The rigidity and amount of control used in the lab, coupled with its immaculate, gleaming nature scream compliance with standards. As Green noted, “[Compliance is the] only way.”

All animal research must observe the federal standards and regulations set by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Researchers can choose to be accredited by other organizations, including the AAALAC, (Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care) which has accredited Green and his lab. This is dually enforced by the University, where any animal testing, “creates a culture of compliance to ensure adherence to all Federal regulations and University policies and procedures regarding the judicious and humane use of animals in research,” as a statement released to all faculty and staff members reads.

Green understands and obeys. All of his animals have been procured through a certified registered supplier and approved through a special department.

All of these precautions are taken with the research in mind. Green said that the first reason for performing his work is “to establish a whole behavioral model of self-control.” He hopes this model will lead to the treatment of self-control problems in humans. He used obesity and diabetes as examples of diseases that can hinge on self-control.

“Our research can also help us understand basic evolution, to recognize what’s similar and different across the evolutionary spectrum,” said Green.

Green also related that some researchers are genuinely interested in the animals themselves. Research is conducted to design better environments for the animals and develop improved drugs and treatments.

Green noted that researchers have been known to become personally attached to their subjects. This happened a few years ago when researchers in the lab were working with rats. Normally the animals are simply labeled in an alphabetic or numeric sequence. However, this researcher chose to give each rat the name of a famous feminist. One rat was named “Bella” after Bella Abzug, who is remembered for her forceful approach to women’s rights.

Of course, there are people who are against animal testing, and Green knows this. Groups like PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) and those who are proponents of animal rights tend to have qualms with the use of animals in research.

“I absolutely cannot believe that there is animal testing done on campus,” said one emphatic student who wished to remain anonymous. “It is completely morally and ethically wrong to subject these creatures who have caused us no harm to graphic and inhumane research.”

Green has his own view. He said that because they follow all required regulations, treat the animals in humane, civil ways and do not practice “invasive intervention,” there shouldn’t be much to argue about.

“I don’t think we engender serious problems, although [I understand that] some are opposed to any animal use,” said Green.

Students, administrators address alcohol concerns

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Adrienna Huffman

Student transports to the hospital due to alcohol consumption have risen in the past year from seven students in the 2002-2003 school year to 22 thus far this fall.

In Thursday night’s alcohol forum at Ursa’s Fireside, University administrators addressed this issue, discussing alcohol policies and issues on campus, including the newly revised policy for student group events.

The forum was a Senate project organized by freshman Lindsey Grossman. She said that the goal was to “facilitate communication and dialogue between the administration and students regarding alcohol at Washington University.”

University administrators participating in the forum included Assistant Vice Chancellor for Students Jill Carnaghi, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Students Justin Carroll, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Students Karen Coburn, Director of Greek Life Karin Johnes, Office of Student Activities Coordinator Jen Conti, Associate Director of Residential Life Rob Wild, Residential College Director Rob Boyle, and Vice Chancellor of Students and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences James McLeod.

Much of the forum focused on the new student group alcohol policy, which was implemented this year during WILD, Bauhaus and Vertigo. The new measures include wristbands to identify 21-year -olds and those students under 21 years of age at large student events. The changes also require student groups to have a third-party vendor to provide any alcohol and allowing only one guest per student to campus events.

Conti said that the alcohol policy change was for student group events only, and was not intended to strip students of all opportunities to drink on campus.

“The end goal here is not to make this a dry campus, it’s to make it a safe campus,” said Conti.

Carroll said that he did not foresee the University becoming dry.

“I’m not sure what it means to be a dry campus-I’ve never been to one,” said Carroll.

The student audience asked questions about the effects of the new student group event policy. One student challenged the policy, saying that students might have been more likely to engage in binge drinking before WILD instead of moderately drinking during the event if alcohol had been allowed.

“That perception was unfounded [on] the evening of WILD,” said Carnaghi. “Yes, people were intoxicated-drinking-but [judging by the overall] tenor of that crowd…it worked.”

Of much concern to the administrators, though, was the increase in students transported to the hospital as a result of alcohol.

“This year there have been more cases that are really, really scary, messages in the middle of the night saying that we’re not sure if the student’s going to make it,” said Coburn.

Coburn also said that of the 22 transports, 8 students were intubated.

“The piece that concerns me the most has to do [with the fact] that everyone transported was around other people,” said Carnaghi. “How can we prevent it from getting that far?”

The administration believed that multiple factors led to the increase in transports, but that students were reacting through the proper channels.

“The 22 transports to the hospital emergency room are disturbing, but on the other hand we’re glad students call EST,” said Coburn.

Carrol was hopeful that students know the right procedures in these situations.

“Are more students drinking excessively? We’re not sure, but more students are responding to our resources,” said Carroll.

The panel also took the time to talk about some of the concerns students have expressed and about recent alcohol-related goings-on around campus.

Boyle, who is in charge of the University’s social norming campaign that began three years ago, said that it was not implemented because of campus alcohol issues.

“Our participation in the social norms campaign is completely separate from the new alcohol policy,” said Boyle.

The campaign is in its third and final year, while the new alcohol policy was only developed over a year ago.

Additionally, the forum cleared up rumors about the closure of the Rat.

“The Rat was run by Food Services, which couldn’t turn it without a loss,” said Carroll. “It was purely a financial decision.”

Carnaghi confirmed that the Rat’s closure was a function of waning business.

“One night, after it had been raided by campus police, sales were $4.20 for the entire night,” said Carnaghi. “It could still be in operation, but students just stopped coming.”

Boeing fires WU trustee for ethical lapse

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Robert McManmon
Bernell Dorrough

Washington University Board of Trustees member Michael Sears was fired last week from his post as Chief Financial Officer of Boeing for unethical conduct. Sears’ position on the Board of Trustees remains unchanged for now.

According to Boeing, Sears engaged in improper conversations with then-U.S. Air Force official Darleen Druyun over a $20 billion contract to produce 767 refueling tanker jets for the Air Force. Druyun allegedly provided Sears with details of a lower bid from European competitor Airbus, while Sears discussed hiring Mrs. Druyun as a Boeing executive.

Sears has denied any wrongdoing, saying that he was “deeply disappointed” in the actions his company took.

“At no time did I engage in conduct which I believed to be in violation of any company policy,” said Sears in a statement issued through his lawyers.

The University trustees, who held the second of their four annual meetings this past Friday, did not discuss Sears’ situation. Sears was not present at the meeting and was unavailable for comment.

“[Sears’] situation at Boeing doesn’t automatically have any affect on his membership as a board member here,” said Chancellor Mark Wrighton.

Wrighton added that the Board is responsive, however, to problems that may arise.

“It’s becoming increasingly clear in recent years,” the Chancellor added, “that when people’s circumstances change it is appropriate to [re]consider their board association.”

Wrighton explained that if Sears was asked to resign his post it would come upon recommendation of the board nominating committee, which reviews board member performance on the basis of attendance, participation and involvement with the University. The next meeting of this committee is scheduled for March 4, 2004.

In addition to serving on the board, Sears serves on the boards of the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, Children’s Memorial Hospital in Chicago, the Private Sector Council, World Business Chicago and Chicago’s Field Museum. Sears is also the National Director of the March of Dimes.

Since Sears was fired, Boeing Chairman Phil Condit has resigned. U.S. Senators John McCain of Arizona and Peter Fitzgerald of Illinois have also asked Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfield to reconsider the contract awarded to Boeing.

Letters to the Editor

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Yu Araki

Subway owner: we’re not perfect, but we try hard

Dear Editor:

I am the owner of the Subway at the Rat that was the subject of your staff editorial and cartoon Dec. 5. I am always concerned about customer satisfaction with my business and I am very aware that if we do not satisfy customers, there are other choices and we will lose your business.

Because I firmly believe that perception is reality, I will attempt to deal with and answer some of the questions raised in the editorial.

First, I want to deal with the comments about sanitation and “rotting turkey.” We are very cognizant of proper sanitation and work diligently to maintain safe food handling procedures. I do not believe we have ever served rotting turkey or rotting anything else. We offer to change gloves because we have customers who request it due to their dietary requirements, i.e. vegetarians, people who do not eat pork, etc.

The Subway was moved to the Rat at the request of the University. The reason was because there was too much congestion in Mallinckrodt. When we were located there, we only sold sandwiches and we did not ring up the sale. Therefore when finished at our counter, customers were required to make several additional stops, finally ending at the cashiers before leaving the food court. Even then, there were complaints regarding speed of service.

I periodically time the service at the Rat. When the line is as long as described, generally the length of time is 10 to 12 minutes, quite a wait if you are a “starving patron.” We want to serve you faster and we continually work at improving our speed of service. Pace considerations made an additional cash register impossible. Without exception, there are approximately 15 minutes at the end of every rush hour in which there is not line and service is immediate.

We make every sandwich to order, and this requires dialogue between the sandwich maker and the customer. I am sure that our sandwich makers are guilty of talking to each other; we do our best to minimize this, but I am sure it goes on. Equally, if our customers are talking to each other, this might hang up the line, as well. I assure you that we will do our best to eliminate inappropriate talking by our staff.

I am at a loss to answer the comments about swashbuckling scenes from “Pirates of the Caribbean” or the biohazard threat of eating at Subway. I eat there every day and the only problem I have is being overweight! Take that, Jared!

We are certainly not perfect in the operation of our business. We do, however, strive towards excellence. Criticism in this regard can only be helpful. To this end I can be contacted [email protected].

Loren H. Grossman
Owner, Washington University Subway

You are spoiled

Dear Editor:

Student Life has carried some stupid articles before, but your Staff Op-Ed “All Aboard the Subway…to Hades” really takes the cake.ÿ Frankly, I don’t even know where to start.ÿ

First off, the piece’s main idea seems to be “the poor customers are starving while the workers talk.”ÿ Give me a f**king break.ÿ The article essentially says that Subway employees shouldn’t talk while they make our food, because when they do, we have to wait ten minutes instead of five.ÿ It’s the Subway line.ÿ You won’t starve, crybaby.ÿ

Gripes like that just show you what you are, in this case spoiled pieces of sh**.ÿ Wait for your food, or don’t go to Subway.ÿ I’m not saying you have to like it, but don’t whine about it.ÿ Try working eight or ten hours a day for minimum wage serving snobby college kids, but be sure not to f**king talk while you do so because then they’ll “starve.”ÿ You think you’d put “TLC” into your work if you spent your days making subs for kids who apparently don’t give a rat’s a*s whether you live or die?ÿ What’s worse is, you didn’t even sign your names on this stupid crap.ÿ I’m sure the entire Student Life staff isn’t responsible for this trash, because there can’t possibly be that many morons at this school.ÿ If you had any dignity at all, you’d publish the names of the people who wrote this s**t, and then they would apologize to the people at Subway for the bulls**t that was published in Student Life.ÿ As for the food being “rotten” and all that other crap, Subway’s popularity speaks for itself, and I don’t give a f**k whether you like the food or not.ÿ That’s not what this letter’s about.ÿ It’s about the fact that you idiots are so full of yourselves that you actually have the gall to complain that the people serving your lunch are talking to each other.ÿ Go f**k yourselves.

William Gunn
Class of 2003

Devaluing apartheid

Dear Editor:

The recent use of the term Apartheid in Mayya Kawar’s article comparing Israel with South Africa was quite disconcerting. By using this term, the experience of Black South Africans under Apartheid is devalued. It is the same as when Bush is called a Nazi or cries that Western Europe has fallen under a cloud of anti-semitism. As humans, we tend to gravitate towards terms that represent similar historical experiences. However, there is danger in this practice.

Under Apartheid, racist policies segregated and disallowed a free Black experience in South Africa. Many may view the case in Israel as such; however, I would like to suggest another view of the situation.

There are many people in the Israeli government, including Ariel Sharon, and among the general population of Jewish Israelis that have called for a two state solution. (This does not Ariel Sharon a good leader in any way). Certainly, both Labor MPs in the last 10 years, Yitzhak Rabin and Ehud Barak have suggested this. So why has there been no creation of a Palestinian state?

I think many in the international community underestimate the fear of the Israeli population. There is a significant faction within Palestinian politics that espouses the idea that “from the River to the Sea, Palestine will be free.” This is not simply a West Bank and Gaza thing. A banner with those words hung in the student center of Rutgers University. There is also a significant history of terrorist attacks by the groups that believe this when peace talks begin. By bombing during peace talks, these groups create fear among the Israeli population. Not all Palestinians want a free state. Some want to get rid of Israel. This creates a very difficult situation. Right now the moderates on both sides have failed to combat the extremists on their respective sides.

I bring up this intertwined web of people to suggest that peace is not simply Israel reverting back to the 1967 borders. Sadly, Israel has made some poor choices, but those 400,000 people are real and have significant political backing. We have to approach this problem in 2003 and not in 1967. Using a term like Apartheid simplifies the matter too much, allowing for finger pointing instead of solution building.

Joshua Ladon

Koop is na‹ve

Dear Editor:

In response to Evan Koop’s response to Chris Jensen’s “Bible-based homophobia” article, all I have to say is that Mr. Koop’s reaction is very na‹ve. He claims that it is implausible that “faithful Christians over the past 2000 years would not care, or simply not notice, if their most sacred text was modified.” However, this is an entirely likely case.

During the majority of those 2000 years, the average worshipper could neither read the Bible, nor afford to possess a Bible. Everything they knew of the Bible was told to them by the priests of the Christian church and often recited in Latin, a language in which they also lacked a thorough knowledge. Moreover, the Bible was reproduced manually by monks and scribes, and, while painstakingly copied for years, would likely have born simple errors even without intentional editing.

However, the simple fact that there are multiple editions of the Bible and multiple religious groups who espouse different teachings from their version indicates that there must be an obvious lack of consistency over the past 2000 years. When, for example, a Baptist says that he or she doesn’t read the King James Bible but insists that the Bible he or she follows is accurate, it is erroneous to believe that the “Bible” (whichever one that may be) is entirely unmodified from its original source. Additionally, since the church is not infallible and was for quite a while the primary operator in the lives of king and country, it stands to reason that certain parts of the good book would have been modified or removed for not so noble ends. In fact, the volume of so-called “heretical” biblical texts (some of it even concerning the study of angels) lends credence to the edited nature of the Bible.

For a text that was not written the day Christ was born, but rather was handed down for years by word of mouth before finally being codified, it is illogical to assume that there has not been some modification of the Bible throughout history. Some of it may have been for clarification, spelling mistakes, or confusing passages. But some of it could have been, and likely was, changed to promote certain agendas, whether church sanctioned or not.

Ethan Hattendorf
Art, Class of 2003
Class of 2003

Editorial Cartoon

Monday, December 8th, 2003 | Yu Araki
The Forum staff